Argentina occupies the southeastern part of the mainland of South America, the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego and the nearby islands of Estados. The length of Argentina from North to South is about 3800 km. and about 1400 km. from west to east. In the south and west, Argentina borders with Chile, in the north – with Bolivia and Paraguay, in the northeast and east – with Brazil and Uruguay. The southeastern border of Argentina is delineated by the Atlantic Ocean, and its border with Chile in the West and Southwest is determined by the Andes. Z zones: mountainous west, and extensive north and east, mainly of flat character, stepped plateaus of Patagonia in the south. The western border runs completely through the Andes. The Patagonian Andes do not exceed 3600 m. In the north, the border with Bolivia and part of the border with Chile passes through the main Andes ridge. Continue reading
Portugal is the westernmost state in continental Eurasia. Located in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula. On land, it borders only with Spain. Portugal is also governed by the Azores and Madeira, which occupy an important strategic position in the west of the Strait of Gibraltar. The largest and most important city in Portugal is Lisbon (2.1 million inhabitants with suburbs, 1996). It is the capital and main port of the country. Porto is the main city of the North, the second most populous country in the country (302.5 thousand in 1991; about 1.2 million people in the entire agglomeration). Porto, located on the right bank of the Douro River, the former capital of Portugal and the country’s largest port, is famous for its port. On the opposite bank of the Douro River is the city of Vila Nova di Gaya (31.5 thousand inhabitants in 1991), where many wine company warehouses are concentrated. Continue reading
Spain is located in southwestern Europe and occupies about 85% of the Iberian Peninsula. Spain also owns the Balearic and Pitius islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Spain borders France, Portugal, Andorra, the English colony of Gibraltar, Morocco: (Ceuta) – the country in the southeast is washed by the Mediterranean Sea, in the west – water of the atlantic ocean. Spain is located at the crossroads of important sea and air routes connecting Europe with the African and American continents. Spain also has a strategic position along the Strait of Gibraltar.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
Spain has a Mediterranean climate. The average January temperatures are from 4-5 ° C on the Meset plateau to 12 ° C in the south, July from 23 to 29 ° C, respectively. Precipitation 300-500 mm, in the mountains of St. 1000 mm per year (mainly in winter). Continue reading
Peru is a distant South American country with a rich history, unique architecture and extraordinary natural diversity. She is the owner of one of the new seven wonders of the world – the mysterious city of Machu Picchu and is justly proud of the rich heritage of the Inca empire. This motley country full of contrasts attracts tourists not only with its rich archaeological heritage, but also with authentic colonial architecture, exquisite gastronomy, as well as unspoiled nature in the mountains and jungle. Located in the Andes, on the west coast of South America, the country borders in the northwest with Ecuador, in the north with Colombia, in the east with Brazil, in the southeast with Bolivia and Chile. In the west, its coastline is washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean. Peru is considered one of the largest countries in South America in terms of area; in this indicator, it ranks third after Brazil and Argentina. Its area is very impressive and amounts to 1,285,216 km². Continue reading
Ireland, Republic of Ireland – a state in Western Europe that occupies most of the island of Ireland. From the south, west and north, the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, and in the east it is separated from about. Great Britain by the St George’s Strait, the Irish Sea and the North Strait. This country has a land border only with Northern Ireland, which is part of the UK. The island of Ireland is washed on all sides by the Atlantic Ocean (the Celtic Sea in the south, the St. George Canal in the southeast and the Irish Sea in the east). The total area of this country is 70,273 square meters. km The highest peak of Ireland is Mount Carantville, whose height reaches 1041 m .. The name of the country comes from Earl. Éire. A diverse landscape – sandy beaches, steep mountains, dense forests, deep lakes and everywhere the distance from the sea to be no more than 110 km .. Continue reading