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Italy is a large state in the south of Europe. Here is a huge number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites – historical monuments and works of art are located throughout the country. The country is also famous all over the world for its national cuisine, fashion, sports cars and luxury motorcycles, as well as its beautiful coasts, lakes and mountains with numerous ski resorts. In Italy there are two independent dwarf states: San Marino and the Vatican. Although formally they are not members of the European Union, both countries are part of the Schengen area and the European Monetary Union. Italy is located in the Mediterranean part of Europe and borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The boot-shaped peninsula on which it is located is washed by the Ligurian, Sardinian and Tyrrhenian seas in the east, the Sicilian and Ionian seas in the south, and the Adriatic sea in the east. Italian is the most widely spoken language among the majority of the population, but traveling around the country, you will understand that there are many different dialects of Italian depending on the region. The landscape of Italy is very diverse, but can be called mountain in the first place, taking into account the mountain ranges of the Alps and the Apennines. The country consists of two large islands: Sardinia, located off the west coast, and Sicily, which is located near the southern tip (“toe”) of the boot. The capital of Italy is Rome.

The subtropical Mediterranean climate is characterized by hot and dry summers and not very cold, but rainy winters. The Mediterranean climate of Italy can be divided into the Adriatic, Tyrrhenian and actually Mediterranean Italian climate.

The Adriatic climate characterizes the eastern zones of the country, overlooking the Adriatic Sea, from Trieste to Molise, and is limited to a narrow coastal strip. It practically does not extend to the internal territories, this is prevented by the nearby Apennine mountains. Especially mild winters are off the elevated coast protecting from east winds, mainly along the coast between Duino and Trieste in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region and from Ancona to San Benedetto del Tronto in the Marche region. Conversely, the coastal line of the Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, partly Marche and Abruzzo regions is characterized by cold winters with high humidity and strong east winds, when the air temperature drops below zero at night. Summer temperatures in these places rise above 35 degrees in July and August.

The Tyrrhenian climate is typical of the western coast of the Apennine Peninsula from the city of Ventimiglia near France to the Gulf of Gaetan on the border of the Campania and Lazio regions. This climate is observed on the coast of Liguria, Tuscany, including its islands, and partly Lazio. Winters on the Tyrrhenian coast are milder than the Adriatic, especially warm winter weather zones of the west coast of Liguria. The eastern coast of Liguria is marked by rainy weather, especially in autumn. Summer on the Tyrrhenian coast is quite hot, but not stuffy, only in some areas of Liguria in summer there is high humidity.

Apart from Italian cities filled with sights, Italy will still have something to admire. At least by nature – the famous islands in the Gulf of Naples, the picturesque lakes of Garda and Como in northern Italy, the Italian Alps, including the magnificent Italian ski resorts, and much more. But nevertheless, the country’s main treasure is its richest cultural heritage, expressed in a huge number of unique sights of Italy.

The thermal capital of Italy is the small town of Montecatini Terme, which already with its name gives its purpose. The first sources were built in the second half of the XVIII century – this is Bagno Regio, Terme Leapoldina and Terme Tettuchio. However, Montecatini became a real city of thermal springs in the late XIX – early XX centuries. It was then that new luxury hotels, restaurants, theaters, nightclubs and even casinos began to be built. In various institutions you could meet celebrities and the Russian elite. For example, Giuseppe Verdi restored his health here every year for 20 years, and Benito Mussolini visited the resort.

Like language and culture, Italian cuisine is very different in different areas. Pasta and olive oil are integral components of the cuisine of southern Italy, while in the north of the country rice and butter are used more (although at the present time there are many exceptions). Using local ingredients is also very important. In warm Naples, citrus fruits and other fruits play an important role in the preparation of food and drinks, while in Venice one of the most important traditional ingredients is fish.

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