Portugal is the westernmost state in continental Eurasia. Located in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula. On land, it borders only with Spain. Portugal is also governed by the Azores and Madeira, which occupy an important strategic position in the west of the Strait of Gibraltar. The largest and most important city in Portugal is Lisbon (2.1 million inhabitants with suburbs, 1996). It is the capital and main port of the country. Porto is the main city of the North, the second most populous country in the country (302.5 thousand in 1991; about 1.2 million people in the entire agglomeration). Porto, located on the right bank of the Douro River, the former capital of Portugal and the country’s largest port, is famous for its port. On the opposite bank of the Douro River is the city of Vila Nova di Gaya (31.5 thousand inhabitants in 1991), where many wine company warehouses are concentrated. To the north of Porto is its suburb, Matosinhos (29.8 thousand), a center for fishing and preserving sardines. The main city of central Portugal, Coimbra (118.9 thousand) is known for its university, founded in 1290. It is also a trade and transport center. Braga (102.7 thousand) – the residence of the Roman Catholic primacy of Portugal, there are small factories and artisan workshops. Setubal (85.3 thousand) is the center of the fish processing industry, fruit processing and car assembly. Portugal is a country with a distinctive culture, amazing nature, unique architecture, pleasant climate, cuisine and rich history.
Weather. Portugal is the country with the largest number of sunny days in Europe. In the southern regions, the number of hours of sunshine per year reaches 3000. The average monthly temperature of the hottest months, July and August, varies from north to south from +19 to +23.4. During these months, the daily temperature in all areas exceeds +24 degrees, reaching +28.8 in the south. At night, the thermometer drops to +10 in the north and + 16..18 in the south.
The swimming season on the west coast lasts only three months, but even during this period, swimming is an amateur – the water temperature is about +18. Water warms up more on the southern coast (up to +21), where the bulk of the resort towns are concentrated. They travel to Portugal all year round because the weather there is always suitable for excursions and walks. But it is more pleasant to be there, of course, in the warmer and drier months of the year, for example, in the summer or early fall. Moreover, many prefer September.
As a rule, almost summer hot weather reigns in Portugal in the first two weeks of September, and then the temperatures drop slightly. But, nevertheless, they do not decrease much, and, as a rule, the whole of September pleases with hot sunny days, although the nights in September are no longer as warm as in summer. In the northern regions of the country, the weather is not particularly stable, so hot days are both at the beginning and at the end of the month. The temperature, say, in the Port, fluctuates throughout September during the day from + 23 ° C to + 33-34 ° C (in the last week it can be up to + 20 ° C during the day), and nights + 16-20 ° C. There are rains in the north, but rarely (no more than 3-4 rainy days for the whole month). All September in Madeira + 26-28 ° С (slightly warmer in the first two weeks), nights + 22-24 ° С
10 best !!
Castle Torre de Belem
Pena Palace in Sintra. Monsaras Village
Alcobas Monastery. Templar Castle Convento de Cristo
Ancient Roman settlement of Conimbrig. Castle of St. George in Lisbon
Statue of Jesus Christ in Lisbon. Church of St. Francisco in Porto
Bolsa Palace in Porto
Theaters, halls of classical and modern music, opera, dance, film festivals, pop, rock and jazz festivals, as well as a variety of shows with internationally renowned actors are available in most regions.
The greatest concentration of such institutions and events is in Lisbon, Porto and other large cities where nightlife thrives. Lisbon is considered the busiest European capital after dark. Multicolor folklore festivals and carnivals rooted in Portuguese culture are held in all corners of the country. In large cities you can relax and visit interesting places. For example, in Lisbon there is one of the largest oceanariums in the European Union. In addition, this city is famous for the Bayrru Altu quarter, where you can visit the best club activities in Portugal. Cities such as Porto, Evora and Marvau, where you can visit the country’s historical sights, are also noteworthy.
The culture of Portugal is rich in ancient traditions and rituals. For example, the musical genre is fado. Fado can only be found in Portugal. Fadu is distinguished by the fact that songs and music are heart-breaking and sad. The Portuguese bullfight is called a “torada” – more humane than the Spanish .. After the end of the “hunt” for the bull, he is taken to veterinarians who urgently stop bleeding and heal wounds .. Portugal is a country of fairs, festivals and festivities. The most grandiose holiday is St. Anthony’s Day, celebrated on June 13 of each year in Lisbon. St. Anthony was a Franciscan monk.