Chile – (Spanish Chile, the official name is the Republic of Chile (Spanish República de Chile [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈʧile])) – a state in southwestern South America, occupying a long narrow strip of land between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes.
In the west it is washed by the Pacific Ocean, in the east it borders with Argentina, in the north with Peru, in the northeast with Bolivia.
Chile has a coastline of 6435 km in length and has exclusive rights to the adjacent sea area called the Chilean Sea, which includes four areas: [territorial waters (120 827 km2), contiguous zone (131 669 km2), exclusive economic zone (3 681 989 km2), and the corresponding continental shelf (161 338 km2). Continue reading
The official name is the United Mexican States — a state in southern North America bordering the United States in the north, Belize and Guatemala in the southeast, washed in the west by the waters of the Gulf of California and the Pacific Ocean, and in the east by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Mexico covers almost the entire territory of Central America. It consists of 31 states and the capital of Mexico City, which is a federal district.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
The climate of Mexico is influenced by coastal waters and extreme elevations. The average air temperature in the lowland resorts is + 26 ° С, water temperature + 22 ° С. As in most other tropical countries, Mexico has two main seasons: the rainy season (June to October) and the dry season (November to May). Continue reading
Argentina occupies the southeastern part of the mainland of South America, the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego and the nearby islands of Estados. The length of Argentina from North to South is about 3800 km. and about 1400 km. from west to east. In the south and west, Argentina borders with Chile, in the north – with Bolivia and Paraguay, in the northeast and east – with Brazil and Uruguay. The southeastern border of Argentina is delineated by the Atlantic Ocean, and its border with Chile in the West and Southwest is determined by the Andes. Z zones: mountainous west, and extensive north and east, mainly of flat character, stepped plateaus of Patagonia in the south. The western border runs completely through the Andes. The Patagonian Andes do not exceed 3600 m. In the north, the border with Bolivia and part of the border with Chile passes through the main Andes ridge. Continue reading