Chile – (Spanish Chile, the official name is the Republic of Chile (Spanish República de Chile [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈʧile])) – a state in southwestern South America, occupying a long narrow strip of land between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes.
In the west it is washed by the Pacific Ocean, in the east it borders with Argentina, in the north with Peru, in the northeast with Bolivia.
Chile has a coastline of 6435 km in length and has exclusive rights to the adjacent sea area called the Chilean Sea, which includes four areas: [territorial waters (120 827 km2), contiguous zone (131 669 km2), exclusive economic zone (3 681 989 km2), and the corresponding continental shelf (161 338 km2). Continue reading
One of the most interesting, mysterious and at the same time the tiniest places on earth is the Vatican city-state.
A dwarf enclave within Rome, associated with Italy. The status of the Vatican in international law is an auxiliary sovereign territory of the Holy See, the residence of the highest spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church. Like Rome, the Vatican is geographically located in the Lazio region, it is the west of the central part of the Apennine Peninsula. It is 20 km from the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, several hundred meters from the right bank of the Tiber.
The capital of the Vatican is the Vatican itself. Everything is arranged here, on the one hand it is incredibly simple and on the other hand, everything is very complicated. The resident population of the Vatican is predominantly male, although two orders of nuns reside in the Vatican. The minority is the senior Catholic clergy; the remainder are members of religious orders. Many workers and staff at the Vatican Embassy live outside its walls. One hundred percent of the population of this small country are Catholics. Continue reading
Peru is a distant South American country with a rich history, unique architecture and extraordinary natural diversity. She is the owner of one of the new seven wonders of the world – the mysterious city of Machu Picchu and is justly proud of the rich heritage of the Inca empire. This motley country full of contrasts attracts tourists not only with its rich archaeological heritage, but also with authentic colonial architecture, exquisite gastronomy, as well as unspoiled nature in the mountains and jungle. Located in the Andes, on the west coast of South America, the country borders in the northwest with Ecuador, in the north with Colombia, in the east with Brazil, in the southeast with Bolivia and Chile. In the west, its coastline is washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean. Peru is considered one of the largest countries in South America in terms of area; in this indicator, it ranks third after Brazil and Argentina. Its area is very impressive and amounts to 1,285,216 km². Continue reading