Chile – (Spanish Chile, the official name is the Republic of Chile (Spanish República de Chile [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈʧile])) – a state in southwestern South America, occupying a long narrow strip of land between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes.
In the west it is washed by the Pacific Ocean, in the east it borders with Argentina, in the north with Peru, in the northeast with Bolivia.
Chile has a coastline of 6435 km in length and has exclusive rights to the adjacent sea area called the Chilean Sea, which includes four areas: [territorial waters (120 827 km2), contiguous zone (131 669 km2), exclusive economic zone (3 681 989 km2), and the corresponding continental shelf (161 338 km2). Continue reading
The official name is the United Mexican States — a state in southern North America bordering the United States in the north, Belize and Guatemala in the southeast, washed in the west by the waters of the Gulf of California and the Pacific Ocean, and in the east by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Mexico covers almost the entire territory of Central America. It consists of 31 states and the capital of Mexico City, which is a federal district.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
The climate of Mexico is influenced by coastal waters and extreme elevations. The average air temperature in the lowland resorts is + 26 ° С, water temperature + 22 ° С. As in most other tropical countries, Mexico has two main seasons: the rainy season (June to October) and the dry season (November to May). Continue reading
Portugal is the westernmost state in continental Eurasia. Located in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula. On land, it borders only with Spain. Portugal is also governed by the Azores and Madeira, which occupy an important strategic position in the west of the Strait of Gibraltar. The largest and most important city in Portugal is Lisbon (2.1 million inhabitants with suburbs, 1996). It is the capital and main port of the country. Porto is the main city of the North, the second most populous country in the country (302.5 thousand in 1991; about 1.2 million people in the entire agglomeration). Porto, located on the right bank of the Douro River, the former capital of Portugal and the country’s largest port, is famous for its port. On the opposite bank of the Douro River is the city of Vila Nova di Gaya (31.5 thousand inhabitants in 1991), where many wine company warehouses are concentrated. Continue reading