Italy is a large state in the south of Europe. Here is a huge number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites – historical monuments and works of art are located throughout the country. The country is also famous all over the world for its national cuisine, fashion, sports cars and luxury motorcycles, as well as its beautiful coasts, lakes and mountains with numerous ski resorts. In Italy there are two independent dwarf states: San Marino and the Vatican. Although formally they are not members of the European Union, both countries are part of the Schengen area and the European Monetary Union. Italy is located in the Mediterranean part of Europe and borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The boot-shaped peninsula on which it is located is washed by the Ligurian, Sardinian and Tyrrhenian seas in the east, the Sicilian and Ionian seas in the south, and the Adriatic sea in the east. Continue reading
Spain is located in southwestern Europe and occupies about 85% of the Iberian Peninsula. Spain also owns the Balearic and Pitius islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Spain borders France, Portugal, Andorra, the English colony of Gibraltar, Morocco: (Ceuta) – the country in the southeast is washed by the Mediterranean Sea, in the west – water of the atlantic ocean. Spain is located at the crossroads of important sea and air routes connecting Europe with the African and American continents. Spain also has a strategic position along the Strait of Gibraltar.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
Spain has a Mediterranean climate. The average January temperatures are from 4-5 ° C on the Meset plateau to 12 ° C in the south, July from 23 to 29 ° C, respectively. Precipitation 300-500 mm, in the mountains of St. 1000 mm per year (mainly in winter). Continue reading
New Zealand, a country literally at the end of the world, consisting of a pair of large islands (North and South) and a host of small ones. It was discovered by the Dutch traveler Abel Tasman in 1642 and got its name in honor of one of the provinces of the Netherlands, Zealand. Later, another famous navigator, the Englishman James Cook, changed the Dutch name of the archipelago: Nieuw Zeeland to English New Zealand, which became the official name of the country. Total area of the country: 268,800 km2
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
The climate in New Zealand is largely determined by the proximity of Antarctica (which is why glaciers in the south of the country do not melt even in summer) and the Pacific Ocean, which gently washes the shores of the two main islands of the state. Continue reading