One of the most interesting, mysterious and at the same time the tiniest places on earth is the Vatican city-state.
A dwarf enclave within Rome, associated with Italy. The status of the Vatican in international law is an auxiliary sovereign territory of the Holy See, the residence of the highest spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church. Like Rome, the Vatican is geographically located in the Lazio region, it is the west of the central part of the Apennine Peninsula. It is 20 km from the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, several hundred meters from the right bank of the Tiber.
The capital of the Vatican is the Vatican itself. Everything is arranged here, on the one hand it is incredibly simple and on the other hand, everything is very complicated. The resident population of the Vatican is predominantly male, although two orders of nuns reside in the Vatican. The minority is the senior Catholic clergy; the remainder are members of religious orders. Many workers and staff at the Vatican Embassy live outside its walls. One hundred percent of the population of this small country are Catholics.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
The Vatican has the same weather as the city of Rome and is characterized by warm and dry summers and mild winters. Autumn can be very enjoyable. The warmest are July and August, while January is the coldest. Winter can be cold, but temperatures rarely drop below zero. During the summer, the Vatican can often be very hot with temperatures in excess of + 35 ° C, while in winter the average temperature is around + 13 ° C (in December). Heavy rain can be expected at any time of the year, although snow rarely falls. The average temperature in March and April is in the range from +15 to 18 ° C. The temperatures in the Vatican differ from those on the Italian coast, such as during the winter, in the Vatican, slightly lower than on the coast. Close Apennine also affects the climate. The spring and fall months are very pleasant in the Vatican, and then the temperature is moderate, in contrast to the summer heat. The most favorable time for visiting the country is from April to June and from September to November.
The Vatican has world-famous masterpieces of architecture – St. Peter’s Basilica with interior decoration, Vatican museums, including the Sistine Chapel and others, as well as the famous Vatican Library. Vatican Gardens. Rafael Stanzas. St. Peter’s Square. In addition to St. Peter’s Basilica – of course, there are other interesting sights in the Vatican. For example, the world-famous Sistine Chapel is another great building among the Vatican heritage.
The Vatican Apostolic Library is also open for tourists – albeit a small part of it. Founded in the 15th century, the library stores many ancient books, manuscripts, maps, and even medals .. Apostolic Palace
Vatican Pinacotheca. Capella Niccolina
Necropolis of the Vatican. Borgia Apartments
Monastery Mater Ecclesiae. Capella Paolin. Santa Maria della Pieta in Camposanto dei Teutonici
Ethnological Missionary Museum
Collection of modern religious art
St. Peter’s Basilica
Gregorian Museum of Secular Art
Church of St. Stephen
Gregorian Egyptian Museum.
It is worth noting that tourists in short shorts, trousers and so on are not allowed into the Vatican even in the heat – visitors who are too naked may not be allowed to enter the sacred land. Do not forget about this when planning your visit!
Inspection of the Vatican
Classic national cuisine:
Since the Vatican is located in the capital of Italy, the main cuisine is Italian, but for pilgrims and people officially invited, special dishes are prepared in restaurants, which are popularly called “church”. Italian cuisine is famous for its culinary delights all over the world. Almost all national dishes contain ingredients such as different types of cheeses, dough, lots of herbs, vegetables, and olive oil. Some restaurants serve dishes prepared according to old recipes handed down from generation to generation. The main feature of Italian cuisine is a huge number of varieties of “pasta”. An integral part of any meal is coffee. Many varieties of coffee, as well as methods for its preparation, can please any coffee lover.
The Vatican is of great independent importance. Buildings such as St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel are home to some of the world’s most famous art, which includes works by artists such as Botticelli, Bernini and Michelangelo. The Vatican Library and the collections of the Vatican Museums are of the highest historical, scientific and cultural importance. In 1984, the Vatican was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Vatican is the actual custodian of the Latin language through the papal academy of Latin. Tourism and pilgrimage are an important factor in the daily life of the Vatican. The Pope has weekly audiences on Wednesdays at 10.30 (local time), serves public masses, addresses Christmas and Easter with a solemn message to the City and Peace (the first appeal of this kind occurs immediately after the election of the Great Pontiff).