Argentina occupies the southeastern part of the mainland of South America, the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego and the nearby islands of Estados. The length of Argentina from North to South is about 3800 km. and about 1400 km. from west to east. In the south and west, Argentina borders with Chile, in the north – with Bolivia and Paraguay, in the northeast and east – with Brazil and Uruguay. The southeastern border of Argentina is delineated by the Atlantic Ocean, and its border with Chile in the West and Southwest is determined by the Andes. Z zones: mountainous west, and extensive north and east, mainly of flat character, stepped plateaus of Patagonia in the south. The western border runs completely through the Andes. The Patagonian Andes do not exceed 3600 m. In the north, the border with Bolivia and part of the border with Chile passes through the main Andes ridge. There is the highest peak of this mountain range Aconcagua (6960 m). Other peaks are Ojos del Salado (6893 m), Tupungato (6800 m) and Mercedario (6770 m). To the east of the Andes lies a vast valley. The north of this valley forms a region known as the Gran Chaco. To the south of Gran Chaco is a fertile pampa. Further south, in Patagonia, dry steppes. The main rivers of the country: Parana, Paraguay (the main tributary of Parana), Rio del Plata, Rio Colorado, Rio Salado, Rio Negro. Lakes are concentrated mainly at the foot of the Patagonian Alps. More than 85% of Argentines are of European descent and are descendants of the Spaniards, Italians, Portuguese, Germans, Slavs and other immigrants from Europe. The Indian population makes up about 15% of the population, and previously numerous nations and tribes, such as Mapuches, Collas, Tobas, Matakos, now make up only 1.5% of the country’s population and live in the extreme south and north of the country.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
The average January temperature in Buenos Aires ranges from 17 ° C to 29 ° C, the average July temperature is from 6 ° C to 14 ° C. Recommendation: Before you go on a trip, you should consider the route of movement. The season in Argentina is year-round. One has only to take note – the air temperature drops from north to south, and the amount of pampasi-_argentina precipitation decreases from east to west. Summer in Argentina from October to March. We can say that there is no ideal time to travel around Argentina, and yet it is better to travel during this period. Most of the country has a relatively dry desert and steppe climate, especially in the Pampas located in the center of Argentina. The western part of the country is a mountainous region, which is the Argentinean beaches of the southern Andes. In the western, Andean region of the country, as well as in Patagonia (southern part of Argentina), the climate is Mediterranean and marine. On the mountain peaks, the climate is alpine. Snow keeps at the highest points of Argentina year-round, and in the south of the country there are many permanent glaciers – the South Patagonian glacial plateau is located there. A combination of several different types of climate is observed in eastern Argentina. Most regions of this part of the country have a warm marine climate. The region between Buenos Aires and Bahia Blanca has a temperate maritime climate. In the northern part of Argentina, the climate is subtropical, with a distinct dry period in the winter months, and a wet period in the summer (December to March).
In Argentina, the usual Russian winter, the height of this hot summer. In January, an unforgettable traditional carnival begins in Argentina. At this time, the streets of all Argentinean cities are filled with people in colorful costumes dancing incendiary South American dances. It should be especially noted that throughout the world there is no carnival longer and incredibly beautiful. Argentina is also great for lovers of skiing – San Carlos De Bariloche, located in Patagonia, in the Nahuel Huapi National Park. It is better to come to rest in Bariloche in the summer, when unique opportunities are created here for walks around the myrtle grove, fishing, hunting, hiking. Fans of snowboarding or skiing on the flat slopes prefer to stay in the resort of Baillot. The classic climbing routes are climbing the volcanoes of Lanin (3776 m) and Tronador (3554 m). Medical tours to Argentina are in great demand, because it is here that the balneological resort of Terme de Copahu, which has become world famous, is located.
Ecotourism is another area of the tourism industry in Argentina, for which there is every opportunity. Virgin nature is preserved in many parts of the country. In Argentina, there are about 20 national parks. The most famous of them are Nahuel Huapi, Los Glaciares, Lanin, Iguazu.
You can visit the humid subtropical forests and deserts, see the majestic mountains and fantastic waterfalls. This is an amazing country, combining various types of recreation. Beach holidays, the coastline of Argentina has a length of more than 2500 km. The largest beach resorts in Argentina are Maar del Plata and Miramir. The high season lasts from December to February.