Geographical position. France is located in the western part of Europe, belongs to the Western European states and takes the first place among the Western European countries in terms of area .. The largest cities are Paris, Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Nice
The form of government is the presidential-parliamentary republic.
.. France has a huge cultural heritage. It is rich, diverse, reflects wide regional differences, as well as the influence of immigration waves of different eras. France gave the civilization of the great mathematicians, numerous philosophers, writers, artists, the Age of Enlightenment, the language of diplomacy, a certain universal concept of man and much more. For many centuries, the French language has been one of the main international languages, and to a large extent retains this role to this day. For long periods of its history, France has been a major cultural center, spreading its achievements around the world. In many areas, such as fashion or cinema, it still maintains a leading position in the world. The headquarters of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, is located in Paris.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
Four types of climate prevail in France. A temperate maritime climate prevails in the west of the country, off the coast, where it is mild in winter (7 degrees Celsius in January) and cool in summer (16 degrees Celsius in July), and rainfall is often (800 mm / 32 inches) for 180 days a year. In the middle latitudes, the continental climate prevails in the interior of the country, with hot summers (average July temperature 18 degrees Celsius in Paris) and harsher winters (average January temperature 2 degrees Celsius in Paris), and precipitation falls on fewer days in a year .
The mountain climate prevails at high elevations, where the temperature affects mainly at altitude, and in winter it is sharply cold and long. Precipitation increases with increasing height and occurs as snow in winter; in many villages in high valleys, snow falls for more than 50 days each year. In Briancon, in the Alps, the average temperature is -2 degrees Celsius in January, and 17 degrees Celsius in July; annual rainfall averages 587 mm (23 inches). The Mediterranean climate is located in an area approximately 20 to 60 km (12 to 35 miles) wide along the Mediterranean coast. The zone is characterized by hot, dry summers, mild and humid winters, and a small number of rainy days per year. In Marseille, 550 mm (22 inches) of precipitation falls for 60 days a year, and the sun shines more than 3,000 hours a year. The average temperature is 7 degrees Celsius in January and 23 degrees Celsius in July.
Weather. What month to choose for a trip to France?
The weather in France in the provinces and regions is so diverse, and the country is so distinctive and beautiful that it is simply not possible to choose one month. The peak of the summer swimming season, usual for us are July and August. The country is filled with many hundreds of thousands of tourists. Many travel with children. The excursion program is most comfortable to master in May-June or September-October, when it is no longer hot, but there is still no need for additional warm things that make luggage heavier. If your vacation in France falls on any other month, read about the peculiarities of the weather in the country during this period and correctly prepare for possible weather surprises, you will enjoy the trip no matter what.
HOW TO GET THERE
Several direct flights to France are made daily from Russia. In addition, France has convenient and inexpensive air links with several European countries, especially with Spain, Italy, Germany and the UK. Therefore, you can get to France by an indirect route, with transfers in other European countries. You can also get to France by numerous charter flights, poisoned from different Russian cities.
The largest international airport in France, Charles de Gaulle (Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport) is located 25 km northeast of Paris. From Russia, you can travel to France by train on two routes: Moscow – Nice and Moscow – Berlin – Paris. Tickets are quite expensive.
Eiffel Tower, Disneyland, Louvre Museum, Notre Dame Cathedral, Arc de Triomphe, Chambord Castle, Versailles, Chartres Cathedral, Reims Cathedral, Chenonceau Castle, Mont Saint-Michel, Amiens Cathedral, Carcassonne, Alexandre III Bridge, If Castle, Russian Cemetery, Sorbonne , Saint-Jacques Tower, Champs Elysees, Palais Fontainebleau, Rouen Cathedral, Sacre Coeur Basilica, Annecy, Cote d’Azur, Papal Palace, Louvre Palace, Arles Amphitheater, Disabled House, Cité Island, Opera Garnier, Millau Viaduct, Notre Dame du O, Mont Blanc, Asterix Park, Loire Valley, Tuileries and many others.
Every tourist will find entertainment in France to their liking. Going on a trip with the children, you just need to go to Disneyland Paris. Many adults dream of such an adventure.