State in East Africa. It is a former colony of Great Britain, gained independence on December 12, 1963. Included in the Commonwealth of Nations. Today, the country is one of the fastest growing countries in East Africa.
Area 580 367 km². The largest city of Mombasa
Kenya is a multinational country with more than 40 different nations. Here the borders of the largest ethnic and linguistic groups in Africa are intertwined: Bantu, Nilots and Cushits. 2/3 of the population are the peoples of the Niger-Congo group (Kikuyu, Luha, Kamba, Kissia, etc.), 1/3 are the peoples of the Shar-Nile group (Luo, Kalendzhin, etc.), the peoples of the Cushite group also live, Ch. arr. Somalia. Indians, Europeans, Arabs also live. The urban population is 28%. The population density is 54.3 people / km2.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
In Kenya, a subequatorial climate prevails. This allows tourists to come here all year round, with the exception of the pronounced rainy season (from late March to May). From June to August there is practically no rainfall. And from the end of October to mid-December there is a “period of short rains.” Formally, the country has two seasons: summer (from December to March) and winter (from July to August). The maximum daily temperature varies between + 27–32˚ C. At night the air warms up from +10 to + 18 + C depending on the region. Excursions – if you go to Kenya in the most suitable season – from January to March or from July to October . At this time, the climate is quite dry, hot, and most importantly – no precipitation. In the afternoon, the thermometer columns usually show from +26 to +29 degrees, in the evening they drop to +10 degrees. Beach holidays – from August to September. The azure sea and romantic sandy beaches attract tourists more precisely at this time. You should not sunbathe on the beaches from December to March – during this period the sun is exhaustingly hot.
Kenya is a country of contrasts and extremes: deserts and alpine snows, forests and open plains, freshwater lakes and coral reefs – all this can be seen in Kenya. For many people, Kenya is East Africa in miniature. Samburu National Forest is the most beautiful national park in northern Kenya. Malindi is a great place to explore Kenya’s coastal tourist attractions, with its vast coral reefs and beautiful beaches. Kenya is famous for its endless savannahs and stunning safari excursions. Nairobi National Park is just a 10-minute drive from downtown Nairobi. Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second largest in Africa after Kilimanjaro. The Mountain offers a beautiful view. Hell’s Gate National Park. Lake Victoria, Crocodile Island, East African, Rift Valley, Fort Jesus Forests, Kaya Midzhikenda, Kenya’s National Museums, Takva, and others .. Lake Nakuru is a very shallow lake in central Kenya. The abundance of lake algae attracts a huge amount of flamingos, sometimes even more than 1 million at once. Amboseli National Park is a relatively small park located near the Tanzania border at the foot of Africa’s highest mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro. The park is famous for being the best place in Africa to get close to free-walking elephants.
First of all, it’s, of course, a safari — for the trip, choose the winter time of the year – from December to February, since Kenya has a lot of heat during this period. The temperature in the evening is not lower than +15 degrees, and during the day no higher than +27. Ideal weather conditions for observing animals and the most favorable season in Kenya, when the climate in the country is moderately hot and there is no rain. Kenya has more than 40 national reserves and natural parks in which travelers can observe wildlife in close proximity and in natural conditions. In one of them – Masai Mara, you can find the famous “Big Five” of African animals: elephant, rhino, lion, buffalo and leopard. The laws of the country allow you to hunt these animals only with a camera in order to get the most successful shot. In Masai Mara every year from June to September you can observe a unique sight – the migration of millions of animals. A natural wonder of the world is the passage in search of food and water for more than a million wildebeest, which annually cover 1800 miles from the Serengeti Valley, located on the border of Tanzania and Kenya, in Masai Mara. In another reserve – the Great Rift Valley, you can admire the flocks of pink flamingos, which are an unforgettable sight. The best period for safari and bird watching is January – March. Especially for lovers of extreme relaxation, it is suggested to go on a night safari or take a balloon to the sky to enjoy a magnificent panoramic view of the valleys and towering mountains from a bird’s eye view. One of them – Kilimanjaro, shines with its snowy peak and is the largest on the continent.