Argentina occupies the southeastern part of the mainland of South America, the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego and the nearby islands of Estados. The length of Argentina from North to South is about 3800 km. and about 1400 km. from west to east. In the south and west, Argentina borders with Chile, in the north – with Bolivia and Paraguay, in the northeast and east – with Brazil and Uruguay. The southeastern border of Argentina is delineated by the Atlantic Ocean, and its border with Chile in the West and Southwest is determined by the Andes. Z zones: mountainous west, and extensive north and east, mainly of flat character, stepped plateaus of Patagonia in the south. The western border runs completely through the Andes. The Patagonian Andes do not exceed 3600 m. In the north, the border with Bolivia and part of the border with Chile passes through the main Andes ridge. Continue reading
Portugal is the westernmost state in continental Eurasia. Located in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula. On land, it borders only with Spain. Portugal is also governed by the Azores and Madeira, which occupy an important strategic position in the west of the Strait of Gibraltar. The largest and most important city in Portugal is Lisbon (2.1 million inhabitants with suburbs, 1996). It is the capital and main port of the country. Porto is the main city of the North, the second most populous country in the country (302.5 thousand in 1991; about 1.2 million people in the entire agglomeration). Porto, located on the right bank of the Douro River, the former capital of Portugal and the country’s largest port, is famous for its port. On the opposite bank of the Douro River is the city of Vila Nova di Gaya (31.5 thousand inhabitants in 1991), where many wine company warehouses are concentrated. Continue reading
Spain is located in southwestern Europe and occupies about 85% of the Iberian Peninsula. Spain also owns the Balearic and Pitius islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Spain borders France, Portugal, Andorra, the English colony of Gibraltar, Morocco: (Ceuta) – the country in the southeast is washed by the Mediterranean Sea, in the west – water of the atlantic ocean. Spain is located at the crossroads of important sea and air routes connecting Europe with the African and American continents. Spain also has a strategic position along the Strait of Gibraltar.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
Spain has a Mediterranean climate. The average January temperatures are from 4-5 ° C on the Meset plateau to 12 ° C in the south, July from 23 to 29 ° C, respectively. Precipitation 300-500 mm, in the mountains of St. 1000 mm per year (mainly in winter). Continue reading